Psilocephalus barbatus   (Gray)  1830 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Size: 137 mm

Color: Dull brown. Dorsal, anal and pectoral yellowish. Caudal brown.

Elongate, body strongly compressed. Tip of snout to hind end of gill opening 4.3 in standard length, 6.0 in total length. Depth of body about 9.0 in standard length, 12.4 in total length. Eye diameter about 6 in snout. Gill opening almost horizontal, its hind part below front of eye. Fleshy barbel below symphysis of lower jaw tapering, its length one eye diameter shorter than head. Pectoral fin originating behind a level from the hind border of eye, its length equal to two eye diameter. Dorsal fin origin somewhat nearer to base of caudal fin than to tip of snout. Central rays of caudal fin longest.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: 52; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: 59; number of rays in the pectoral fin: 8.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Anacanthus barbatus Day 1870
Balistes (Anacanthus) barbatus Gray 1830
Anacanthus barbatus Day 1878
Psilocephalus barbatus de Beaufort and Briggs 1962

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 92.75) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA (Record: 2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 2003)
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA (Record: 1980)
• INDIA (Record: 1980)
• SRI LANKA (Record: 1980)

Literature Source(s)
  • Herre, AWCT (1938) A list of the fishes known from the Andaman Islands Memoirs of the Indian Museum The Manager of Publications, Delhi 13 331-403 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2009-12-16

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