Scatophagus argus   (Linnaeus,  1766) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

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Max. size: 38.0 cm TL.

Max. published weight: 1050-1200 gm.

Color: Ground colour greenish. Juveniles with a few large roundish blotches, about size of eye, or with about 5 or 6 broad, dark, vertical bars. In large adults, spots may be faint and restricted to dorsal part of flanks.

Body quadrangular, strongly compressed. Dorsal head profile steep. Eye moderately large, its diameter somewhat smaller than snout length. Snout rounded. Mouth small, horizontal, not protractile. Teeth villiform, in several rows on jaws. Dorsal spines (total): 10-11, Dorsal soft rays (total): 16-18, Anal spines: 4, Anal soft rays: 13-15.

The dorsal, anal and pelvic spines are believed by Philippine fishers to be venomous and capable of inflicting wounds.

Synonym (s)
Chaetodon argus Linnaeus, 1766
(Senior synonym)
Chaetodon atromaculatus Bennett, 1830
(Junior synonym)
Chaetodon pairatalis Hamilton, 1822
(Junior synonym)
Ephippus argus (Linnaeus, 1766)
(Senior synonym)
Scatophagus aetatevarians De Vis, 1884
(Junior synonym)
Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus, 1766)
(Senior synonym)
Scatophagus argus argus (Linnaeus, 1766)
(Senior synonym)
Scatophagus argus ocellata Klunzinger, 1880
(Junior synonym)
Scatophagus bougainvillii Cuvier, 1831
(Junior synonym)
Scatophagus maculatus Gronow, 1854
(Junior synonym)
Scatophagus ornatus Cuvier, 1831
(Junior synonym)
Scatophagus purpurascens Cuvier, 1831
(Junior synonym)
Scatophagus quadranus De Vis, 1884
(Junior synonym)
Chaetodon argus Bloch, 1801
Chaaetodon argus Linnaeus, 1788
Chaetoden argus Shaw, 1803
Ephippus argus Cuvier, 1817
Scatophagus argus Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1831
Scatophagus argus Bleeker, 1850
Cacodoxus argus Cantor, 1850
Scatophagus ornatus Bleeker, 1854
Scatophagus argus Gunther, 1860
Scatophagus argus Kner, 1867
Scatophagus argus Gunther, 1867
Scatophagus argus Martens, 1876
Ephippus argus Bleeker, 1877
Scatophagus argus de Castelnau, 1878
Scatophagus argus Macleay, 1884
Scatophagus argus Day, 1888
Scatophagus argus Vinciguerra, 1890
Scatophagus ornatus Volz, 1903
Scatophagus argus M. Weber, 1913
Scatophagus argus Seale and Bean, 1908
Scatophagus argus de Beaufort, 1913
Scatophagus argus McCulloch, 1922
Scatophagus argus Hora, 1924
Scatophagus argus Barnard, 1927
Scatophagus argus Delsman, 1926
Scatophagus argus Herre and Montalban, 1927
Scatophagus argus Fowler, 1928
Scatophagus ornatus Duncker and Mohr, 1929
Scatophagus argus Fowler and Bean, 1929
Scatophagus argus Herre, 1931

Common Name (s)
• Spotted Scat (English)
• Spotted Butterfish (English)
• Kaski (Gujarati)
• Sungeli (Gujarati)
• Vada (Gujarati)
• Baraayi (Kannada)
• Chandar (Kannada)
• Bannsire (Konkani)
• Nachikarimeen (Malayalam)
• Nutchar-char (Malayalam)
• Kaski (Marathi)
• Vadda (Marathi)
• Sipili (Tamil)
• Chitsillo (Telugu)
• Eesputti (Telugu)
• Leopard Pomfret (English)
• Butterfish (English)
• Argus Fish (English)
• Spadefish (English)
• Spotted Spade Fish (English)
• Koyee
• Spotted Scats
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, aquarium, marketed fresh and used in Chinese medicine, ornamental fish)
Cultured:  Yes

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine, Muddy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Zoobenthos, detritus, nekton, plants, zooplankton, benthic crustaceans, finfish, insects, mollusks, other benthic invertebrates, planktonic invertebrates, phytoplankton, worms, benthic algae/weeds, diatoms, polychaetes, other annelids, non-annelids, bony fish


• West Bengal, Kiagoria INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1985-1987)
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA (Record: 08/1995-07/1997)
• East Coast, Coromandel, Pulicat Lake INDIA (Record: 1997-1998)
• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA
• Kerala, Ponnani Estuary INDIA (Record: 03/1997-02/1999)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Maharashtra, Amba Estuary INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Kerala, Ayiramthengu INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vellar Estuary INDIA (Record: 09/2001-05/2002)
• Kerala INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• West Bengal, Hugli Matla Estuary INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Ghole (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Ramanathapuram INDIA
• Orissa, Dhamra Estuary INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cuddalore (Lat: 11.7) (Long: 79.76) INDIA (Record: 01/2004-12/2004)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Gujarat, Jakhau-Babber Creek (Lat: 23.5) (Long: 68.6) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-12/2000)
• Gujarat, Medi-Sinthodi Creek (Lat: 23.45) (Long: 68.48) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-12/2000)
• Gujarat, Sangi-Kharo Creek (Lat: 23.28) (Long: 68.51) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-12/2000)
• West Bengal, Bangaon, Ichhamati River INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cooum Estuary (Lat: 13.16) (Long: 80.26) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Adyar Backwaters INDIA

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Page last updated on:2012-02-28

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