Sarcolobus globosus   Wall.  (Plant)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Spermatophyta
Class: Dicotyledonae
Order:Gentianales
Family:Asclepiadaceae

Description
Twining shrubs with stout glabrous branches, root-stock thick, fleshy; roots thick. Leaves 3-6 x 2-4.5 cm, ovate or oblong, thick and fleshy, acute or obtuse at apex, rounded at base. Flowers small, starry, crowded, in axillary corymbose cymes, 2-3 mm across; corolla purplish, lobes pubescent inside. Follicles brown, 4-5 cm across, sub-globose; seeds many, flattened.

Often in association with and climbing on Phoenix paludosa.

Flowering and fruiting during June-September, October-January(West Bengal, Orissa), August-October (Andhra Pradesh).

Another closely allied species, viz., Sarcolobus carinatus Wall. also occurs in mangroves of India along the east coast. Sarcolobus carinatus is readily recognised by its slender branches and yellow brown-dotted corolla of the flowers.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Baoli Lata (Bengali)
• Pasurlata (Oriya)
• Pasur Lata
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Its leaves and rhizomes are used in medicine. Poisonous seeds are used as bait to kill dogs and wild animals.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Muddy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Producer

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarban Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari and Krishna Delta INDIA
• Orissa, False Point INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Banerjee, LK; Sastry, RK and Nayar MP (1989) Mangroves in India: Identification manual Botanical survey of India, Calcutta, India Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Mangroves of India NIO's database on marine life of India (NIODMLI) Available at - http://www.nio.org/Biology/mangrove/index.htm
  • Debnath, HS (2004) Mangroves of Andaman & Nicobar Islands: Taxonomy and ecology Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun, India 133 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajendra N and Sanjeevi SB (2004) Flowering plants and fern in mangrove ecosystems of India: An identification manual ENVIS centre, Annamalai University, Parangipettai, Tamil Nadu, India. 110 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kumar, VS (2005) An overview of mangroves in Andamans and its significance in maintenance of natural ecosystem Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 200-212 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • Mandal, RN and Naskar, KR (2008) Diversity and classification of Indian mangroves: a review Tropical Ecology International Society for Tropical Ecology 49(2) 131-146 Available at - http://www.tropecol.com/pdf/open/PDF_49_2/05%20Mandal.pdf
  • Banerjee, LK and Roa, TA (2001) Flora of the Mahanadi Delta, Orissa Botanical Survey of India 1-307 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-02

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