Congresox talabonoides   (Bleeker,  1853) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Chua, E.

Size: 180-250 cm.

Color: Head and body golden yellow; dorsal and anal fins with a dusky border.

Body elongate, cylindrical in front, compressed along tail. Head very sharply conical, with the snout and lower jaw markedly lengthened forward so that the mouth is very large, extending to well beyond eye; no lips; eye moderate; teeth generally large, conspicuous, sharp, conical, more or less in 3 longitudinal rows on jaws and vomer (roof of mouth); outer tooth row on lower leaning outwards; teeth on middle row of vomer prominent, needle-like (not blade-like), but with minute basal cusps, especially in small specimens; tip of lower jaw with its large canines fits into a notch in underside of snout when mouth is closed. Dorsal and anal fins continuous with caudal fins around tip of body; pectoral fins relatively small, their length about 4 times in length of head. Lateral line pores before level of anus 41 to 42. Vertebrae 132 to 145.

Synonym (s)
Conger talabonoides Bleeker, 1853
(Senior synonym)
Muraenesox talabonoides (Bleeker, 1853)
(Senior synonym)
Congresox talabanoides (Bleeker, 1853)
Congresox telabonoides (Bleeker, 1853)
Muraenesox telabonoides Day, 1878

Common Name (s)
• Common Eel (English)
• Indian Pike Conger (English)
• Vam (Gujarati)
• Wam (Gujarati)
• Pambumeen (Malayalam)
• Vam (Marathi)
• Wam (Marathi)
• Danti
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed mainly fresh)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Demersal, Estuarine, Coastal
Prey:  Bottom fishes and crustaceans


• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika INDIA
• Red Sea
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Arabian Sea (Lat: 13.06) (Long: 73) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 62-68 mts)
• Arabian Sea (Lat: 16.5) (Long: 74.23) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 62-68 mts)
• Orissa, Dhamra Estuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cuddalore Coast INDIA (Record: 12/2008)
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Satapathy, D and Panda, S (2009) Fish atlas of Chilika Chilika Development Authority, Bhubaneswar 74 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 3 Available at -
  • Balachandran, K and Nizar, MA (1990) A check list of fishes of the Exclusive Economic Zone of India collected during the research cruises of FORV Sagar Sampada Proceedings of the first workshop on scientific results of FORV Sagar Sampada CMFRI, Cochin 305-324 Available at -
  • Dutta, SK (2007) Biodiversity assessment of Dhamra port site and surrounding areas, Orissa Greenpeace India 4-38 Available at -
  • Lakshmi, A and Sundaramanickam, A (2011) Biodiversity of reef ichthyofauna in Cuddalore coast, southeast coast of India International Journal of Environmental Sciences Integrated Publishing Association 1(7) 1616-1621 Available at -
  • Bapat, SV; Deshmukh, VM; Krishnamoorthi, B; Muthiah, C; Kagwade, PV; Ramamirtham, CP; Mathew, KJ; Pillai, SK and C. Mukundan (1982) Species composition, distribution and abundance of major groups/species Fishery resources of the Exclusive Economic Zone of the NorthWest coast of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Kochi 33 1-86 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Sujatha, K (1995) Finfish constituents of trawl by-catch off Visakhapatnam Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 32(1) 56-60 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-03

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