Synaptura orientalis   (Bloch and Schneider,  1801) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Color: In alcohol specimens brownish red on colored side, with cloudy indistinct patches or remnants of crossbars, extending on the fins. Right pectoral blackish. Blind side yellowish.

Height 2, 2.2 in length with caudal. Head 4.2-4.7, 4.8-5.3 in length with caudal. Eyes 6-6.8, the upper one slightly in advance of the lower one, separated by a deeply concave, scaly interorbital space, which is somewhat more than diameter of eye. Mouth curved, not quite reaching to below middle of lower eye. Anterior nostril on colored side a simple short tube. Nostrils on blind side covered by cutaneous appendages or fringes of the scales. Upper jaw slightly prominent, without distinct hook. Dorsal beginning on or somewhat above horizontal through upper margin of eye. Vertical fins scaly, their rays divided at top. Ventrals subequal, as long as distance between lower eye and snout, united at their base, the right one united with anal. Anus at the left side. Right pectoral as long as ventrals, left one shorter. Scales ctenoid on both sides, those of nape not larger than the others. Scales of head on blind side with fringes. A series of fringes also along opercular border.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Pleuronectes orientalis Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Solea foliacea Richardson, 1840
Solea pan Bleeker, 1851
Synaptura pan Bleeker, 1852
Solea trichodactylus Kaup, 1858
Synaptura foliacea Gunther, 1862
Brachirus sundaicus Bleeker, 1872
Synaptura orientalis Day, 1888
Synaptura orientalis Jordan and Evermann, 1902
Synaptura orientalis Hora, 1923
Brachirus orientalis Norman, 1926

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Karnataka, Karwar INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1929) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago E. J. Brill Ltd. 5 458 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (1998) Marine crabs of India National Institute of Oceanography Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Sey, O and Nahhas, FM (1997) Digenetic trematodes of marine fishes from the Kuwaiti coast of the Arabian Gulf: Family Monorchiidae Odhner, 1911 Journal of the Helminthological Society of Washington 64(1) Available at - Zoological Records
  • Amin, OM and Sey, O (1996) Acanthocephala from Arabian Gulf fishes off Kuwait, with descriptions of Neoechinorhynchus dimorphospinus sp. n. (Neoechinorhynchidae), Tegorhynchus holospinosus sp. n. (Illiosentidae), Micracanthorhynchina kuwaitensis sp. n. (Rhadinorhynchidae), and Slen Journal of the Helminthological Society of Washington 63(2) 201-210 Available at - Zoological Records
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-06-02

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