Upeneus sundaicus   (Bleeker,  1855) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 14-22 cm TL.

Color: Dull yellowish, lighter below, upper sides slightly brownish with a brown longitudinal band from snout through eye to base of caudal. Spinous dorsal pale, soft dorsal with three obscure stripes, upper lobe of caudal with 5 or 6 oblique pale to slightly brownish stripes, posterior half of lower lobe brownish or with 5 or 6 irregular stripes. Other fins yellowish hyaline.

Head 3.3-3.6 in standard length, 4.1-4.5 in total length. Depth of body 3.6-3.9 in standard length, 4.6-5.0 in total length. Eye diameter 4.0-4.6 in head, 1.5-2.0 in snout and 1.1-1.3 in slightly convex interorbital space. Maxillary extending beyond a level from the anterior border of eye. Teeth in villiform bands in jaws, vomer and palatines with teeth. Preorbital scaled. Barbel extending to hind border of preoperculum. First dorsal fin spine minute, second longest, about 2/5 length of snout shorter than head. Pectoral fin longer than head without snout; ventral fin slightly shorter than pectoral.
Number of spines in the first dorsal fin: VIII; number of spines and rays in the second dorsal fin: i, 8; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: I, i, 6; number of rays in the pectoral fin: 14-15; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 33-35; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 2 ½ +1+6 ½ ; gill raker count: 5-6+1+14-15.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Upeneus luzonius Jordan & Seale, 1907
(Ambiguous synonym)
Upenoides sulphureus (non Cuvier, 1829)
(Misapplied name)
Upeneoides sundaicus Weber and de Beaufort, 1931
Upeneus sundaecus (Bleeker, 1855)
Upeneoides sundaicus Bleeker, 1855

Common Name (s)
• Ochreband Goatfish
• Manakkam (Malayalam)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, Ornamental fish)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Demersal, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Benthic invertebrates


• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cuddalore Coast INDIA (Record: 08/2008)

Literature Source(s)
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Universal Biological Indexer and Organizer Available at - http://names.ubio.org/
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1965) New records of fishes from the seas around India - Part II Journal of Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 7(1) 108-123 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/881/1/Article_11.pdf
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1996) Marine ornamental fishes of India Proceedings of the Seminar on Fisheries - A Multibillion Dollar Industry, Madras CMFRI 23-34 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7786/1/678-Mur.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Lakshmi, A and Sundaramanickam, A (2011) Biodiversity of reef ichthyofauna in Cuddalore coast, southeast coast of India International Journal of Environmental Sciences Integrated Publishing Association 1(7) 1616-1621 Available at - ipublishing.co.in/jesvol1no12010/EIJES2108.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-12-01

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