Cryptotomus spinidens   (Quoy & Gaimard,  1824) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Size: 68-280 mm.

Color: Variable; generally greenish brown, lighter below, sides of body with irregular dark markings. Head sometimes with 5 or 6 light bars radiating from eye, the two anteriormost from eye to rear of mouth. Dorsal basally greenish, distally brownish with white streaks and spots and a dark blotch between first and second or second and third spines. Anal uniform dusky or greenish basally and dusky with light markings. Caudal greenish to dusky with pale streaks or spots and posterior white margin. Pectoral hyaline, dark basally. Ventral hyaline basally, dark distally or with dusky spots.

Head 3.0-3.3 in standard length, 3.6-4.1 in total length. Depth of body 2.4-2.7 in standard length, 3.0-3.5 in total length. Eye diameter 4.7-5.6 in head, 1.3-1.7 in snout and 1.2-1.5 in slightly convex interorbital space. A row of incisor-like teeth in the upper jaw, the posteriormost flaring outwards and an inner row of small teeth ending as a toothless ridge anteriorly and two large conical teeth in front. In the lower jaw a single row of incisor-like teeth posteriorly and in two overlapping rows anteriorly near symphysis. Anterior nostril with a small flap. Dorsal fin spines flexible, first as long as snout, the last as long as longest dorsal fin rays. First anal fin spine minute, third longer than eye but shorter than anal fin rays. Pectoral fin slightly longer than head without snout. Caudal fin rounded in juveniles, the outer rays slightly produced in adults.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: IX, 10; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, 9; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 11; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 24-25; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 2+1+6½.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Scarus spinidens Quoy and Gaimard, 1824
Callyodon viridescens Day, 1878
Calotomus spinidens Jones and Kumaran, 1959
Cryptotomus spinidens de Beaufort, 1940
Scarus viridescens Ruppell, 1835
Callyodon carolinus Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1839
Callyodon waigiensis Bleeker, 1851
Callyodon genistriatus Bleeker, 1854
Callyodon hypselosoma Bleeker, 1855
Callyodon carolinus Bleeker, 1860
Callyodon moluccensis Bleeker, 1862
Callyodon viridescens Gunther, 1862
Callyodon carolinus Guichenot, 1865
Callyodon viridescens Gunther, 1866
Callyodon viridescens Klunzinger, 1871
Calotomus snyderi Jenkins, 1904
Calotomus snyderi Jordan and Evermann, 1905
Calotomus moluccensis Jordan and Seale, 1905
Calotomus moluccensis Jordan and Richardson, 1908
Callyodon genistriatus Gunther, 1909
Callyodon vaigiensis M. Weber, 1913
Callyodon viridescens Barnard, 1927
Leptoscarus moluccensis Fowler and Bean, 1928
Leptoscarus moluccensis Fowler, 1928
Leptoscarus viridescens Giltay, 1933

Common Name (s)
• Fehilandae
• Veesam
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Ornamental fish)

Habitat:  Reef Associated


• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Red Sea
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep Islands INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)

Literature Source(s)
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (1996) Marine ornamental fishes of India Proceedings of the Seminar on Fisheries - A Multibillion Dollar Industry, Madras CMFRI 23-34 Available at -
  • Kumaran, M; Murty, VS and Lalmohan, RS (1989) Resources of ornamental fishes Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 46-64 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (2002) Marine ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 72 1-134 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (2001) Ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep Bulletins of the Geological Survey of India 56 103-111 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-06-28

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