Tylosurus choram   (Ruppell,  1837) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, JE.

Size: Max length 120 cm TL (male/unsexed); common length 70.0 cm TL (male/unsexed)

Color: Body bluish green above, silvery below, with a silvery stripe along the sides.

Body elongate, subcylindrical. Upper and lower jaws greatly elongated and studded with sharp teeth; teeth more or less straight. Length of head 2.6 to 3.1 times in body length (posterior edge of opercular membrane to base of caudal fin). Dorsal fin with 20 or 21 soft rays; anal fin with 19 or 20 soft rays. Caudal fin forked. Scales small; lateral line forming a narrow keel on caudal peduncle.

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers. Oviparous. Eggs may be found attached to objects in the water by tendrils on the egg's surface.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Belone choram Ruppell, 1837
Belone choram Ruppell, 1837
(Senior synonym)
Belone robusta Gunther, 1866
(Junior synonym)
Esox belone marisrubri Bloch & Schneider, 1801
(Junior synonym)
Tylosurus choram (Ruppell, 1837)
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Full Beak (English)
• Gar Fish (English)
• Ruppell's Alligator Gar (English)
• Kanda (Kannada)
• Konthe (Kannada)
• Ayakorakoli (Malayalam)
• Moakoli (Malayalam)
• Pallankoli (Malayalam)
• Pambankoli (Malayalam)
• Tol (Marathi)
• Marakola (Tamil)
• Nedumurrel (Tamil)
• Sathamurrel (Tamil)
• Vadyamurrel (Tamil)
• Vellaimurrel (Tamil)
• Kuddera (Telugu)
• Wadlah Muku (Telugu)
• Wahleh Kuddera (Telugu)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Pelagic


• Orissa, Dhamra Estuary INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Dutta, SK (2007) Biodiversity assessment of Dhamra port site and surrounding areas, Orissa Greenpeace India 4-38 Available at - http://www.greenpeace.org/raw/content/india/press/reports/greenpeace-biodiversity.pdf
  • Roy, SD; Rajan, PT and Soundararajan, S (2006) Marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fishing Chimes 25(10) 108-110 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-24

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