Odontaspis ferox   (Risso,  1810) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Elasmobranchii

Image copyrights: FAO

Color: Grey above, paler below; may have red spots on sides.

A shark with a short, pointed snout, small eyes, protruding spike-like teeth, and small, equal-sized dorsal and anal fins; first dorsal closer to pectoral than to pelvic fins. Uses its long body cavity and large, oily liver to regulate buoyancy.

Ovoviviparous, embryos feeding on yolk sac and other ova produced by the mother.

Synonym (s)
Carcharias ferox (Risso, 1810)
Odontaspis herbsti Whitley, 1950
Squalus ferox Risso, 1810

Common Name (s)
• Fierce Shark (English)
• Herbsts (or Herbst’s) Nurse Shark (English)
• Ragged-tooth (English)
• Ragged-tooth Shark (English)
• Sand Tiger Shark (English)
• Smalltooth Sand Tiger (English)
• Tiger Ragged-Tooth (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries; Flesh utilized for human consumption and liver for its high squalene content; utilization of fins, jaws and cartilage.)

Habitat:  Bentho Pelagic
Prey:  Small bony fishes, squids, and crustaceans
IUCN Status:  Vulnerable


• Kerala, Kochi Fisheries Harbour INDIA (Record: 01/2008-06/2009)

Literature Source(s)
  • Akhilesh, KV; Ganga, U; Pillai, NGK; Vivekanandan, E; Bineesh, KK; Shanis, CPR and Hashim, M (2011) Deep-sea fishing for chondrichthyan resources and sustainability concerns-a case study from southwest coast of India Indian Journal of Geo-Marine Sciences NISCAIR 40(3) 347-355 Available at - nopr.niscair.res.in/bitstream/.../1/IJMS%2040(3)%20347-355.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org

Page last updated on:2012-02-20

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