Cromileptes altivelis   (Valenciennes,  1828) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Size: 38-70 cm.

Color: Body light brown with numerous dark brown spots; head and all fins similarly spotted; with age the relative size of spots decreases, and the number of spots increases.

Height 2.6-3 in length, 3.3-3.8 in length with caudal, it increases with age. Head about thrice in length, to 4 in length with caudal, its upper profile concave, the concavity increasing with age. Eyes 5-6 in head, thier distance half or somewhat more their diameter. Upper jaw reaches posterior border of eye or nearly so. Dorsal spine gradually increasing in size, the last has half length of head or somewhat more and about 3/4 the length of the longest soft rays, which in large specimens are about 2/3 of the height of the body. Anal much shorter than soft dorsal, but their height about equal, obtusely rounded, its spines increasing in size, the third, nearly twice length of eye. Pectorals rounded, not much shorter than eye, ventrals with a strong spine, reaching anus, which is situated at some distance before anal.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Serranus altivelis (Valenciennes, 1828)
Cromileptes altivelis Swainson, 1839
Serranus altivelis Bleeker, 1849
Serranus altivelis Cantor, 1850
Serranichthys altivelis Bleeker, 1855
Serranichthys altivelis Kner, 1865
Cromileptes altivelis Bleeker, 1876
Cromileptes altivelis Day, 1889
Cromileptes altivelis Boulenger, 1895
Cromileptes altivelis Jordan and Seale, 1907
Cromileptes altivelis Fowler and Bean, 1922

Common Name (s)
• Polkadot Grouper (English)
• Pantherfish (English)
• Panther Grouper (English)
• Humpback Rockcod (English)
• Humpback Grouper (English)
• Barramundi Cod (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed fresh or frozen, juveniles are prized as very expensive aquarium fishes )

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Prey:  Bottom living invertebrates and fishes
IUCN Status:  Vulnerable



Literature Source(s)
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at -
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1931) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 6 448 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 FAO, Rome 4 Available at -

Page last updated on:2010-05-24

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