Conger cinereus   Ruppell,  1830 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Kochzius, M.

Size: 100 cm.

Color: Grayish, lower lower surface lighter. Vertical fins edged with black. Pectoral fins in adult specimens frequently with a black spot (perhaps in males). Young specimens in life with an indication of crossbands.

Subcylindrical, posteriorly compressed. Head somewhat depressed, its profile nearly straight. Head 8.0-8.4, depth of body 18.5-24.0, both in total length. Snout tip to vent 3.0-3.1 in total length. Eye diameter 6.2-8.0 in head and 1.6-1.8 in snout which is 4.1-4.4 in head. Pectoral fin about 3 in head and with 17 rays. Anterior nostrils tubular, at each side of tip of snout; posterior nostrils a plain pore slightly before eye, somewhat below the level of its upper border. Teeth in jaws short and closely set in a single series to form a cutting edge except anteriorly where there are 2-4 irregular series; intermaxillary teeth in a roundish patch and a few teeth in a conical group on vomer. Tail less than twice length of head and trunk. Jaws equal or the upper one slightly prominent. Mouth opening reaching conspicuously behind middle of eye. Dorsal fin commencing above or somewhat behind the middle of the pectorals; dorsal and anal fins high and confluent with caudal fin.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Conger altipinnis Kaup, 1856
(Junior synonym)
Conger cinereus marginatus Valenciennes, 1850
(Junior synonym)
Conger cinereus cinereus Ruppell, 1830
(Senior synonym)
Conger flavipinnatus Bennett, 1832
(Junior synonym)
Conger marginatus Valenciennes, 1850
(Junior synonym)
Conger Noordzieki Bleeker, 1857
Conger marginatus Gunther, 1870
Conger cinereus Klunzinger, 1871
Leptocephalus nystromi Jordan and Snyder, 1901
Leptocephalus marginatus Jordan and Evermann, 1905
Conger marginatus Gunther, 1910
Conger cinereus Max Weber, 1913
Conger cinereus Ruppell, 1828

Common Name (s)
• Indian Conger (English)
• Ash Colored Conger Eel (English)
• Ashen Conger Eel (English)
• Black Edged Conger (English)
• Blacklip Conger (English)
• Indian Conger Eel (English)
• Longfin African Conger (English)
• Moustache Conger (English)
• Mustache Conger (English)
• White Eel (English)
• Malang (Malayalam)
• Meen Malanhi (Malayalam)
• Mudu Anda Sea Eel (Sinhala)
• Musveng
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, gamefish, aquarium)

Habitat:  Benthic, Reef Associated, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Fish and crustaceans


• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Red Sea
• Kerala INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Hut Bay INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - index/
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Deraniyagala, PEP (1952) A Colored Atlas of some vertebrates from Ceylon Ceylon National Museum Publication 1 1-149 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1916) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A.J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 3 455 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Bijukumar, A and Deepthi, GR (2009) Mean trophic index of fish fauna associated with trawl bycatch of Kerala, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 51(2) 145 - 154 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at -
  • (2011) Animal discoveries 2010 Zoological Survey of India 1-107 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-08-12

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