Fowleria aurita   (Valenciennes,  1831) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: Max length 9.0 cm TL (male/unsexed)

Color: Yellowish brown with brown spots on scales and a dark brown ocellus edged white on operculum. Some specimens with an oblique brown bar across cheek from eye. Vertical fins pale with brown bars or spots. Pectoral light. Ventral brownish or with brown spots.

Head 2.4-2.7 in standard length, 3.0-3.4 in total length. Depth of body 2.6-2.9 in standard length, 3.3-3.6 in total length. Eye diameter 3.3-3.7 in head, 0.7-0.8 in snout and 0.6-0.7 in interorbital space. Teeth villiform in several rows in jaws and in narrow bands on vomer; no teeth on palatines. Preopercle ridge and margin entire. Maxilla reaching to almost below hind border of eye. Anterior nostril an elongate tubule. Palatine teeth wanting. First dorsal fin spine short, 2nd exceeding half length of 3rd. Ventral fin equal to or slightly longer than snout and eye, pectoral fin a little longer than ventral. Lateral line ending below end of soft dorsal fin.
Number of spines in the first dorsal fin: VII; number of spines and rays in the second dorsal fin: I, 9; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: II, 8; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 11-12; number of spines and rays in the ventral fins: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 11-13; number of scale rows along the midside of body from the upper corner of operculum to the midbase of caudal fin in the absence of lateral line: 22-24; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 2+1+6.

Dioecious, external fertilization. Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Amia aurita (Valenciennes, 1831)
(Senior synonym)
Apogon auritus Valenciennes, 1831
(Senior synonym)
Apogonichthys auritus (Valenciennes, 1831
(Senior synonym)
Papillapogon aurita (Valenciennes, 1831
(Senior synonym)
Papillapogon auritus (Valenciennes, 1831
(Senior synonym)
Fowleria aurita (Valenciennes, 1831
(Senior synonym)
Apogon auritus Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1831
Fowleria aurita Smith, 1961
Papillapogon auritus Smith, 1949

Common Name (s)
• Aurita Cardinalfish (English)
• Crosseyed Cardinal (English)
• Crosseyed Cardinalfish (English)
• Fehibodi (Mahl)
• Poothan (Malayalam)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Benthic crustaceans


• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Red Sea (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep INDIA (Record: 1980)
• INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - index/
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-03-09

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