Pelates quadrilineatus   (Bloch,  1790) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, JE

Size: 15-30 cm.

Color: back light greyish green, sides silvery white; body with 4 to 6 dark brown lorgitudinal bands, the 3rd band widest, extending to base of median caudal fin ray; a blackish brown blotch behind upper end of gill opening; a large black blotch on spinous part of dorsal fin. Mouth and gill cavity bright red.

Height 2.6 to more than 3 in length, head 2.3-3.6, rostrodorsal profile arched, vertex strongly rugose. Eye 3.2 to nearly 4 in head, equal to or third less than interorbital space. Snout convex, equal to or longer than diameter of eye. Nostrils not approximate, their diameter of posterior nostril. Praeorbital finely denticulate. Upper jaw slightly longer than lower, extending nearly to front border of eye or even below it, lips not fleshy. Praeoperculum conspicuously serrate, coarsest at rounded angle. Operculum with two small flat spines, the lower somewhat longer, not surpassing the lobe. Coracoid denticulate, suprascapular bone hidden by scales. Gillrakers lanceolate, about 17+22 on first branchial arch, slightly less than filaments which go twice in eye. Ten to 13 scales between lateral line and middle of spinous dorsal. Teeth in upper jaw in three, in lower in two rows, the outer series much enlarged, with brown tips, flattened, with a conical point, none on vomer and palatines. Spinous portion of dorsal higher than soft-rayed portion, the spines being of moderate size, the fifth to seventh the longest, more or less equal to half height of body, the ultimate and penultimate subequal, much shorter than first dorsal ray, soft dorsal angulate, with the border slightly emarginate or not. Second and third anal spine subequal, somewhat longer than eye, soft part of anal of equal height as soft dorsal, its border slightly emarginate or not. Both fins with a basal scaly sheath. Caudal slightly emarginate, its lobes acute, with 15 divided rays. Pectorals acute, about equal to head without snout, ventrals slightly longer, reaching to vent. Dorsal spines (total): 12 - 13, Dorsal soft rays (total): 8 - 11, Anal spines: 3, Anal soft rays: 9-11.

Croaks when taken from the water.

Dioecious with external fertilization, spawning frequency one clear seasonal peak per year.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Holocentrus quadrilineatus Bloch, 1790
(Senior synonym)
Therapon quadrilineatus (Bloch, 1790)
(Senior synonym)
Pristipoma sexlineatum Quoy and Gaimard, 1824
Therapon quadrilineatus Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1829
Therapon quadrilineatus Bleeker, 1849
Helotes polytaenia Bleeker, 1873
Therapon cuvieri Bleeker, 1854
Therapon quadrilineatus Gunther, 1859
Therapon quadrilineatus Kner, 1867
Therapon (Pelates) quadrilineatus Bleeker, 1876
Therapon cuvieri Macleay, 1881
Therapon quadrilineatus Day, 1888
Therapon (Pelates) quadrilineatus Klunzinger, 1884
Terapon quadrilineatus Jordan and Seale, 1907
Therapon quadrilineatus Jordan and Richardson, 1908
Therapon quadrilineatus Seale, 1910
Pelates quadrilineatus Ogilby and McCulloch, 1916
Therapon quadrilineatus Jordan and Starks, 1917
Therapon quadrilineatus Fowler and Bean, 1922
Therapon quadrilineatus Barnard, 1927
Pelates sexlineatus Fowler, 1928
Pelates quadrillneatus (Bloch, 1790)
Pelatus quadrilineatus (Bloch, 1790)

Common Name (s)
• Trumpeter Perch (English)
• Four Lined Terapon (English)
• Four Lined Therapon (English)
• Squeaking Perch (English)
• Gore (Kannada)
• Keerimeen (Malayalam)
• Marakkeri (Malayalam)
• Keeri (Malayalam)
• Keeli (Tamil)
• Kovakeechan (Tamil)
• Palinkeechan (Tamil)
• Keechan (Tamil)
• Pootankeeli (Tamil)
• Mattakkeechan (Tamil)
• Chavathinnikeeli (Tamil)
• Samudrakili (Telugu)
• Kilipothu (Telugu)
• Baikeeli (Telugu)
• Ganam (Telugu)
• Fourlined Terapon (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh or frozen)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Feeds on small fishes and invertebrates
Predator:  Bony fish - Sillago analis


• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Vasanth, V and Reddy, PSR (1987) On the osteology of therapon perches (Pisces: Theraponidae), Therapon puta, T. jarbua, T. theraps and Pelates quadrilineatus Indian Journal of Fisheries 34(1) 39832 Available at - NCL, Pune (ASFA Records)
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Nagabhushanam, AK and Krishnan, S (1993) Observations on the distribution of some of the marine organism inhabiting the inter-tidal zone along the western continental shelf of the Bay of Bengal, with particular reference to the Tamil Nadu coastal strip Records of the Zoological Survey of India 93(3-4) 449-490 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
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  • Kuronuma, K and Abe, Y (1986) Fishes of the Arabian Gulf Fishes of the Arabian Gulf 1-356 Available at - ZOOR12500001320
  • Abbaasi, SA (1997) Wetlands of India-Ecology and Threats Discovery Publishing House,New Delhi II 1-182 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Suppa, M; Suebsin, S; Suri, V and Songsirikul, T (1997) Checklist of fishes in Thailand Office of Environmental Policy and Planning 1-353 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
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  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1931) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 6 448 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 FAO, Rome 4 Available at -
  • Bijukumar, A and Deepthi, GR (2009) Mean trophic index of fish fauna associated with trawl bycatch of Kerala, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 51(2) 145 - 154 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -
  • Nair, PVR; Luther, G and Adolph, C (1965) An ecological study of some pools near Mandapam (South India) formed as a result of the cyclone and tidal wave of 1964 Journal of the marine biological associaiton of India The marine biological association of India 7(2) 420-439 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-11

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