Scomberomorus lineolatus   (Cuvier,  1829) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, JE

Size: 50-120 cm.

Color: Back blue/grey; sides silver/white with upper part of body marked with a series of irregular, horizontal, narrow black lines breaking up into spots ventrally.

Height 5-5.45, 6-6.6 in length with caudal. Head 4.3-4.4, 5.2-5.4 in length with caudal. Eye 4.9-5.1, 1.4-1.5 in slightly convex inter orbital space, and 1.9-2 in snout. Mouth oblique. Upper jaw slightly prominent. Maxillary reaching to below hind border of pupil. Strong, compressed, pointed teeth in the jaws, those of the lower jaw some what stronger than those of the upper jaw. An elongate patch of villi form teeth on vomer, similar teeth in a narrow band on palatines, and in a patch on first basibranchial. Gill rakers on first arch 2 + 9, somewhat longer than half length of pupil. Origin of second dorsal halfway between base of upper caudal rays and eye. Second dorsal and anal falcate, the latter originating slightly behind the origin of the former. Longest dorsal rays about equal to head without snout. Pectorals equal to distance between gill opening and anterior nostril. Origin of ventrals below that of pectorals, ventrals much shorter than pectorals. Lateral line almost straight to below second dorsal finlet, abruptly bent downwards here and ending in a median ridge on caudal peduncle, which is very high. Interpelvic process small and bifid. Lateral line without auxiliary branches anteriorly, running almost straight below second dorsal finlet then slightly bent downward toward keel of caudal peduncle. Intestine with 2 folds and 3 limbs. Swim bladder absent. Body covered with small scales. First dorsal fin black posteriorly. Dorsal spines (total): 15-18, Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-19, Anal soft rays: 17-22, Vertebrae: 44-46.

Dioecious, external fertilisation, non-guarders, open water or substratum egg scatterers.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Cybium lineolatus Cuvier, 1831
Cybium interruptum Cuvier, 1831
Scomberomorus lineolatus Gilchrist and Thompson, 1917
Scomberomorus (Indocybium) lineolatus Munro, 1943
Scomberomorus lineolatus Williams, 1960
Cybium lineolatum Cuvier, 1829
Indocybium lineolatum (Cuvier, 1829)
Cybium lineolatum Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1831
Cybium lineolatum Cantor, 1850
Cybium lineolatum Bleeker, 1852
Cybium lineolatum Gunther, 1860
Scomberomorus lineolatus Barnard, 1927
Scomberomorus lineolatus Fowler, 1934
Scomberomorus lineolatus J. L. B. Smith, 1935

Common Name (s)
• Streaked Spanish Mackerel (English)
• Esvan (Kannada)
• Surmai (Kannada)
• Pulli Arakula (Tamil)
• Vingeram (Telugu)
• Wingeram (Telugu)
• Vanjaramu (Telugu)
• Towar (Marathi)
• Iswan (Marathi)
• Anjari (Marathi)
• Surmai (Gujarati)
• Chhapri (Gujarati)
• Streaked Seer-fish (English)
• Nona Seela
• Chapri
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, gamefish)

Habitat:  Pelagic
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Nekton, finfish, bony fish


• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Abbaasi, SA (1997) Wetlands of India-Ecology and Threats Discovery Publishing House,New Delhi II 1-182 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
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  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Bal, DV and Rao, KV (1984) Marine fisheries Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited 470 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, DVS; Rao, KS; Iyer, CSP and Chittibabu, P (2008) Possible ecological consequences from the Sethu Samudram Canal Project, India Marine Pollution Bulletin Elsevier 56(2) 170-186 Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
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  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 FAO, Rome 4 Available at -
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at -
  • Ramani, K; Ammini, PL; Srinivasan, J; Najeemudeen, SH; Beena, MR; George, KP; Seynudeen, MB; Subbaraman, G; Anandan, K; Khambadkar, LL; Augustine, SK; Pugazhendi, D; Rudhramurthy, N; Subramani, S; Seetharaman, S; Batcha, HK and Sankaralingam, S (2010) An overview of marine fisheries in India during 2007 Marine Fisheries Information Service CMFRI, Kochi 203 1-14 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -
  • Bapat, SV; Deshmukh, VM; Krishnamoorthi, B; Muthiah, C; Kagwade, PV; Ramamirtham, CP; Mathew, KJ; Pillai, SK and C. Mukundan (1982) Species composition, distribution and abundance of major groups/species Fishery resources of the Exclusive Economic Zone of the NorthWest coast of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Kochi 33 1-86 Available at -
  • Dholakia, AD (2004) Marine resources Fisheries and aquatic resources of India Daya publishing house 271-303 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Scombroid Fishes Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Dominant Fish Groups Occurring in Indian Coasts Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Roy, SD; Rajan, PT and Soundararajan, S (2006) Marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fishing Chimes 25(10) 108-110 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-30

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