Thryssa purava   (Hamilton,  1822) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: FAO

Size: 15.5-16 cm.

Color: Back is brown and flanks are silvery.

Body compressed and fusiform. Head length is 1/5th of standard length. Belly with 26 or 27 keeled scutes from isthmus to anus. Snout is prominent and bluntly rounded. Tip of snout a little above level of eye center. Maxilla moderate, projecting at most to halfway to pectoral fin base. First supra-maxilla small, angle of mouth rather oblique, teeth of lower jaw slightly enlarged. An indistinct dark blotch behind upper part of gill opening and a faint dark line along back. The maxillary is dilated above the mandibulary joint and its posterior taperings portion extends to the root of the pectoral. Origin of dorsal midway between snout and caudal or a little nearer to the latter, far behind base of ventrals. Anals 2 3/4 in length of body. Its origin below last rays of dorsal. The pectorals reach the ventrals. Caudal deeply incised. Seventeen gillrakers, shorter than the eye. About 27 abdominal scutes, beginning at the throat, 10-11 of which are postventral. Dorsal spines (total): 0 - 0, Anal spines: 0, Anal soft rays: 38-44.

Presumably schooling, occurring mostly inshore and entering estuaries thus able to tolerate lowered salinities.

Synonym (s)
Clupea purava Hamilton, 1822
(Senior synonym)
Engraulis annandalei Chaudhuri, 1916
(Junior synonym)
Engraulis kempi Chaudhuri, 1916
(Junior synonym)
Engraulis purava Hamilton, 1822
(Senior synonym)
Engraulis rambhae Chaudhuri, 1916
(Junior synonym)
Thryssa megastoma Swainson, 1839
(Junior synonym)
Thrissa purava (Hamilton, 1822)

Common Name (s)
• Gangetic Anchovy (English)
• Ganetic Anchovy (English)
• Katil (Marathi)
• Manangu (Kannada)
• Monangu (Kannada)
• Cheru Manangu (Malayalam)
• Kava Chella (Malayalam)
• Kava Pala (Malayalam)
• Kuthavoo (Malayalam)
• Manangu (Malayalam)
• Mullanmanangu (Malayalam)
• Nedumanangu (Malayalam)
• Khavli (Marathi)
• Pussai (Oriya)
• Nedum Poruva (Tamil)
• Poruva (Tamil)
• Engallu (Telugu)
• Peddah Poorawah (Telugu)
• Poravalu (Telugu)
• Phesa
• Anchovy (English)
• Puruva Anchovy (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Pelagic, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Zooplankton, finfish, bony fish


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• West Bengal, Kiagoria INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Pondicherry, Karaikal (Lat: 10.26) (Long: 79.85) INDIA (Record: 01/2003-12/2003)
• West Bengal, Digha Ghole (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• East Coast INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Singh, DF and Yazdani, GM (1993) Ichthyofauna of Konkan region of Maharashtra (India) Records of the Zoological Survey of India. Occasional paper no 145 ZSI, Calcutta 46 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Khan, RA (2003) Fish faunal resources of Sunderban estuarine system with special reference to the biology of some commercially important species Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 1-149 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
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  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Wall, F (1910) A popular treatise on the common Indian snakes Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society BNHS Part XIII with 65-79
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  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Satapathy, D and Panda, S (2009) Fish atlas of Chilika Chilika Development Authority, Bhubaneswar 74 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajasegar, M and Sendhilkumar, R (2009) Finfish Resources of Karaikal,South East Coast of India World Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences IDOSI Publications 1 (4) 330-332 Available at -
  • Manna, B and Goswami, BCB (1985) A check-list of marine and estuarine fishes of Digha, West Bengal, India Mahasagar- Bulletin of the National Institute of Oceanography NIO, Goa 18(4) 489-499 Available at -
  • Whitehead, PJP (1972) A synopsis of the clupeoid fishes of India Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 14(1) 160-256 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-03

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