Synodus englemani   Schultz,  1953 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: SFSA

Size: 15-30 cm.

Color: Background tan; a series of 8 or 9 dark brown, saddle-like bars, widest dorsally; frequently a dark band along lateral line. Peritoneum pale; internal peritoneal spots 7 to 10, average 8.2 (visible externally in larvae, persist in adult on wall of peritoneum).

Body tubular, head somewhat depressed, caudal region a little compressed. Anterior palatine teeth long and forming a discrete group; dermal flap on anterior nares short, tubular. Dorsal fin rays 12 or 13 (average 12.7); anal fin rays 8 to 10 (average 8.9); procurrent caudal rays 28 to 37 (average 32.2). Posterior pelvic process wide. Large cycloid scales on body, extending onto cheeks and operculum; scales above lateral line 5.5. Total vertebrae 59 to 62, average 60.3.

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water or substratum egg scatterers.

Synonym (s)
Saurus englemani (Schultz, 1953)
Synodus engelmani Schultz, 1953
Synodus englamani Schultz, 1953

Common Name (s)
• Engleman's Lizardfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Finfish, bony fish


• Tamil Nadu, Cuddalore Coast INDIA (Record: 07/2008)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Lakshmi, A and Sundaramanickam, A (2011) Biodiversity of reef ichthyofauna in Cuddalore coast, southeast coast of India International Journal of Environmental Sciences Integrated Publishing Association 1(7) 1616-1621 Available at -
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-10-12

Back to Search