Fulica atra   Linnaeus,  1758 (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

Image copyrights: Jiri Bohdal

Color: A slaty black, dumpy, practically tailless waterbird, very duck-like when swimming in the distance. The ivory white pointed (not flat) bill and frontal shield (no forehead) are diagnostic. The peculiar lobed or scalloped toes are also characteristic.

Voice: Call- A clear and loud trumpet-like cry, often heard at night.

Habits: As a resident found sparingly on rush-bordered irrigation tanks etc. In winter numbers vastly augmented by immigrants from central and western Asian and then abundant on most large jheels, especially in northern India. Skitters along the water to take off, half running half flying, rises with much labour and pattering, but flies strongly when properly launched. The rapid almost hovering wing beats, the blunt barrel-shaped body and the legs trailing behind rail-like, distinguish it from a duck in flight.

Sexes alike.

Nesting: Season- principally July/August. Nest- a large compact mass of rushes among matted reeds slightly above water level. Eggs- 6 to 10 buffy stone-color, stippled and spotted with reddish brown or purplish black.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Common Coot (English)
• Coot (English)
• Aari (Hindi)
• Thekari (Hindi)
• Khuskul (Hindi)
• Kesrar (Hindi)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal
IUCN Status:  Least Concern


• Goa INDIA (Record: 27/11/1972, 12/12/1972)
• Goa, Anjuna INDIA
• Goa, Baga INDIA
• Goa, Arpora INDIA
• Goa, Carambolim INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.66) (Long: 76.18) INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 75.96) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.66) (Long: 76.55) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 76.31) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2001) Sanctuary Asia natural history species: Species checklist: Birds Sanctuary Asia Sanctuary Magazine Available at - http://www.sanctuaryasia.com/resources/speciechklist/bird.php
  • Johnsingh, AJT (2001) The Kalakad-Mundanthurai tiger reserve: A global heritage of biological diversity Current Science Indian Acadamy of Sciences 80(3) 378-388 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Saha, BC and Dasgupta, JM (1992) Birds of Goa Occasional paper no 143 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 20455 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Wadatkar, JS (2001) Checklist of birds from Amravati university campus, Maharashtra Zoo's Print Journal 16(5) 497-499 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Kumar, A (2002) Avifauna of Kumbhalgarh wildlife sanctuary in the Aravalli hills of Rajasthan Zoos' Print Journal 17(4) 764-768 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Barua, M (2001) Mid winter waterfowl census at Pobitora wildlife sanctury for the year 2000 Zoos' Print Journal 16(5) 500-501 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Balchandran, S (1998) Migratory, threathened and rare birds of Kanyakumari district Zoos' Print Journal Zoo Outreach Organisation, Coimbatore 13 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Yazdani, GM; Pradhan, MS and Singh, DF Fauna of conservation areas: Fauna of Sanjay Gandhi National, Bombay (vertebrates) Records of the Zoological Survey of India 96(1-4) 225-251 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Lainer, H (2004) Birds of Goa : A reference book The Goa Foundation, Goa 244 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ali, S (1977) The book of Indian birds Bombay Natural History Society 175 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • NaturePhoto-CZ Available at - http://www.naturephoto-cz.com/
  • (1997) Coastal marine environment of Gujarat 178pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Nameer, PO (2005) Wetlands and waterfowl conservation in kerala with special reference to Ramsar sites kerala environment congress 2005 Centre for environment and development 97-112 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Nagarjuna, A; Kumar,NVN; Kalarani, V and Reddy, DC (2010) Aquatic and avian biodiversity of Pulicat brackish water lake and ecological degradation World Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences IDOSI Publications 2 (2) 118-123 Available at - http://www.idosi.org/wjfms/wjfms2%282%2910/8.pdf
  • Srinivasulu, C (2004) Birds of kawal wildlife sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh , India Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 101(1) 3-25 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-02-16

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