Acanthurus dussumieri   Valenciennes,  1835 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Kochzius, M.

Size: 40-54 cm.

Color: Pale brown body; broader, irregular lines on head; orange band between eyes, continued behind each eye to gill cover. Each side of caudal peduncle with single, sharp, forward-pointing erectile spine; spine largely covered by cream sheath; groove surrounded by a black area.

Height 1.9-2.4. Head 3.7-4. Eye 3.7-4.6, 2-3.1 in snout, and 1.2 in convex inter orbital space. Profile of head convex, much so in large specimens. Corner of mouth twice nearer hind border of preopercle than to eye. 8-12 teeth in each ramus of both jaws. Circular anterior nostril with a thin membraneous margin becoming a flap posteriorly, posterior nostril much smaller. First dorsal spine very short and concealed in thick skin, the others increasing in length to the last, which is 1.7-1.9 in head. Soft dorsal of nearly uniform height, the longest rays 1.5-1.6 in head, the last rays shortened and the fin angulate posteriorly. Third anal spine 2.3-2.5 in head. Soft anal like soft dorsal in shape, the longest rays about 1.75 in head. Pectorals equal to or a little longer than head. Ventrals pointed, extending upon anal, about 1.4 in head. Caudal lunate, with acute tips. Dorsal fin with soft part having longer base than spinous part. Minute scales. Gill rakers 22-26 in anterior row, 23-27 in posterior row. Caudal fin lunate in adults. Dorsal spines (total): 9 - 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 25 - 27; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 24 - 26.

Dioecious, external fertilization, non-guarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers. Paired spawning.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Acanthurus bariene (non Lesson, 1831)
Acanthurus dussumiere Valenciennes, 1835
Acanthurus dussumierri Cuvier & Valencienne, 1835
Acanthurus lamarrii (Valenciennes, 1835)
Acanthurus matoides (non Valenciennes, 1835)
Acanthurus undulatus Valenciennes, 1835)
Hepatus bariene (non Lesson, 1831)
Hepatus dussumieri (Valenciennes, 1835)
Hepatus grammoptilus (non Richardson, 1843)
Rhombotides dussumieri (Valenciennes, 1835)
Rhombotides lamarrii (Valenciennes, 1835)
Teuthis dussumieri (Valenciennes, 1835)
Teuthis grammoptilus (non Richardson, 1843)
Acanthurus dussumieri Gunther, 1875
Rhombotides Dussumieri Bleeker, 1878
Acanthurus dussumieri Sauvage, 1891
Acanthurus dussumieri Steindachner and Denkschr, 1900
Teuthis dussumieri Jordan and Evermann, 1902)
Teuthis dussumieri Jordan, 1902
Teuthis dussumieri Jenkins, 1904
Hepatus dussumieri Jordan and Evermann, 1905
Acanthurus dussumieri Jordan and Jordan, 1925
Acanthurus dussumieri Herre, 1927
Hepatus bariene Fowler and Bean, 1929

Common Name (s)
• Eyestripe Surgeonfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, aquarium)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Primary Consumer
Prey:  Phytoplankton, benthic algae/weeds, plants, detritus


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Devi, K and Rao, DV (2003) A field guide to the fishes of Acanthuridae (surgeonfishes) and Siganidae (rabbitfishes) of Andaman and Nicobar Islands 42 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Ocean Biogeographic Information System Available at -
  • Ohman, M; Rajasuriya, A and Olafsson, E (1997) Reef fish assemblages in north western Sri Lanka: Distribution patterns and influences of fishing practises Enviornmental Biology of Fishes Kluwer Academic Publishers 49 45-61
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Kemp, JM (1998) Zoogeography of the coral reef fishes of the Socotra Archipelago Journal of Biogeography 25 919-933
  • Durville, P; Chabanet, P and Quod, JP (2003) Visual Census of the Reef Fishes in the Natural Reserve of the Glorieuses Islands (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean J. Mar. Sci. WIOMSA 2 95-104
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Chabanet, P and Patrick, D (2005) Reef Fish Inventory of Juan De Novas Natural Park (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean Journal Marine Sciences 2005 WIOMSA 4 145-162
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF and Chapman, WM (1951) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 9 484 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at -
  • Kumar, RR and Edward, JKP (2005) Comparative study on the fish assemblages in natural and artificial reefs in Tuticorin, Gulf of Mannar, Southeast coast of India Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 99-104 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-12-07

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