Glareola pratincola   (Linnaeus,  1766) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

Image copyrights: Nomtsas

Size: 16-19 cm.

Voice: Tern like kirik-kirik, kit-kit-kit.

Habits: Generally crepuscular, gregarious, active on cloudy days, usually sluggish and squats on open sandbank in rivers or grazing land.

Adult: Sexes alike. A short-legged bird with long, narrow and pointed 'tern-like' wings, black bill, ashy-black legs and feet, olive-brown upperparts, white upper tail-coverts, black tail with white base, creamy chin and throat with narrow black border, brown upper breast, white abdomen and under tail-coverts. Juvenile: Like adult but upper feathers pale tipped with black under edges, breast mottled brown and rufous-white, black neckline absent.

Nest- The nest is a shallow scrape or depression on the ground on dry mudflats and sandflats.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Collared Pratincole (English)
• Common Pratincole (English)
• Large Indian Pratincole (English)
• Valiya meevalkkata (Malayalam)
• Tejpar, Motu thejpar (Gujrati)
• Bada babuibatan (Bengali)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(The species is threatened by the use of herbicides and insecticides, and by changes to its preferred habitats (e.g. changes in water levels, ploughing of grasslands, artificial irrigation and fertilisation, changes in traditional grazing regimes, increasing urban encroachment and human disturbance))

Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Insectivorous, mainly moths, beetles and swarming ants and termites.
IUCN Status:  Least Concern


• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2001) Sanctuary Asia natural history species: Species checklist: Birds Sanctuary Asia Sanctuary Magazine Available at -
  • Tikader, BK (1984) Birds of Andaman and Nicobar Island ZSI, Kolkata 1-167 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at -
  • Kumar, A; Sati, JP; Tak, PC and Alfred, JRB (2005) Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation Zoological Survey of India, Dehra Dun 468 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Nomtsas Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Nayak, A.K. (2006) Status of migratory shorebirds at Bhitarkanika and Chilika wetlands on the east coast of India Waterbirds around the world. Eds. G.C. Boere, C.A. Galbraith & D.A. Stroud The Stationery Office, Edinburgh, UK 305-307pp Available at -
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at -
  • Vernacular names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent Buceros, Envis newsletter: Avian Ecology & Inland Wetlands 62pp Available at -
  • Manakadan R and Pittie A (2001) Standardized English names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent BUCEROS Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetland 6(1) 26pp Available at -
  • Kumar A, sati JP and Tak CK (2003) Checklist of Indian Waterbids Buceros Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetlands 8(1) 30pp Available at -
  • European environmental agency Available at -
  • Rao VV, Anjaneyulu M, Nagulu V, Srinivasulu C and Satyanarayana D (2004) Water fowl Status at Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh EPTRI - ENVIS Newsletter 10(4) 7-12pp Available at -,%20No.4,%202004.pdf

Page last updated on:2012-07-04

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